He was born on 7 May 1861. He was a Bengali polymath who reshaped his region’s literature and music. He is the author of Gitanjali and its “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse”. He became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 and his poetry was viewed as spiritual and mercurial. He was highly influential in introducing the best of Indian culture to the West and vice versa, and he is generally regarded as one of the outstanding creative artists of modern South Asia.